Some of the long-term after-effects include problems with speech, problems swallowing, weakness on one side of the body or even paralysis. These physical effects can prevent people from living life in the same way as before the stroke or can even prevent them from leading an independent life.
People can also experience headaches, dizziness, fatigue, depression, irritability and memory problems. How long the symptoms last is very much a consequence of the severity of the stroke and can last anything from a few weeks to years. In the most serious cases some people never fully recover and the most serious strokes, especially a large bleed (haemorrhagic stroke), can result in death.
However, many people also experience severe behavioural and emotional effects too that can have far-reaching effects beyond the obvious physical symptoms. A stroke survivor’s personality and cognitive capabilities can also be affected, which in turn affects their relationships and ability to work.
There are 4 main ways in which a stroke can subsequently affect a person and each one of these can also cause communication problems:
|Physical||How the body works|
|Cognitive||Thinking, learning and remembering|
|Emotional||How a person feels|
|Behavioural||How a person behaves|